Study of the VAC of the EPCTT process with varying electrode parameters
Keywords:electrolytic-plasma chemical-thermal treatmen, volt-ampere characteristic, electrodes, vapor-gas shell, anode
Nowadays the treatment of machine parts, instruments is one of the actual topics in the modern world. One of the modern processing method is chemical-thermal treatment of parts, in which there is an increase of hardness in the surface part to increase wear resistance, while the core of the part remains in a ductile state for resistance to shock loading. The solution to this problem could be the electrolytic plasma chemical-thermal treatment of the parts. This method has a number of advantages over traditional methods, such as costeffectiveness and speed of processing. In the present work the influence of changes in technological parameters on the volt-ampere characteristics of electrolyte-plasma chemical-thermal treatment unit is presented. A solution of soda ash (Na₂CO₃), urea (CH₄N₂O) in distilled water was used as an electrolyte. According to the results of the study current-voltage diagrams were plotted by varying the diameter of the anode (D=90; 110;130 mm) and the distance between the electrodes (L=50;70; 90 mm). According to the analysis, in the voltage range of 180-220 V, with anode diameter D=110 mm and electrode spacing D=70 mm, a more stable vapor-gas envelope is formed. It was found that by changing the anode diameter, respectively the ratio of active and passive electrodes we can significantly influence the formation of stable vapor gas shell and establishment of the optimum mode of treatment of parts.